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CRFDP - Séminaires

Retrouvez ci-dessous les manifestations organisées par le laboratoire.

Séminaires de laboratoire
Les séminaires ont lieu le 4ème jeudi de chaque mois à 10h dans la salle des thèses du bâtiment Freinet.

Séminaires à venir



25/10/2018 : The thin ideal in advertisement: An implicit cognition approach
par Mme Leila Sélimbegovic (Laboratoire CeRCA / MSHS - Université de Poitiers - http://cerca.labo.univ-poitiers.fr/non-classe/leila-selimbegovic/)

In western societies, thinness is glorified as a paramount criterion of female beauty. Even photographs of professional models are routinely airbrushed in order to make them look thinner than they really are. In comparison to such pictures, a vast majority of women are confronted with failure to reach these unattainable standards of beauty. Consistent with this, a vast amount research shows that thin ideal exposure has a host of negative consequences for women, in terms of body dissatisfaction, low self-esteem, depressive symptoms, body-related anxiety, dysfunctional beliefs about food and eating, and eating disorder symptoms. These effects, documented mainly on self-reported dependent measures, are most frequently explained in terms of social comparison with the thin ideal. In this context, the question of the automaticity of social comparison is extremely important. Can women decide not to evaluate their own appearance with reference to these standards? Does thin ideal exposure affect implicit cognition? A first set of studies will be presented in support of the idea that appearance comparison with the thin ideal is an automatic process (unconscious and resource-independent), and that implicit cognition is affected by thin ideal exposure. If women tend to automatically compare their appearance to the thin ideal, then attempts to prevent social comparison by relying on explicit cognitive processes is unlikely to be efficient. Indeed, the disclaimer strategy, which consists of reminding individuals that a photograph has been airbrushed, appears to have no effect at best, or to have counterproductive effects at worst. A second set of studies on the efficiency of the disclaimer strategy on both implicit and explicit measures will be presented. Taken together, the relevant thus research strongly suggests that protective strategies based on implicit processes may be more efficient in attenuating the negative effects of thin ideal exposure than those relying on explicit cognition. Several recent studies converge to corroborate this hypothesis. To conclude, a third set of studies on the effect of a retraining procedure (akin to evaluative conditioning) on appearance-related outcomes will be presented. The reported findings will be discussed with regards to their theoretical and practical implications, and the necessity to develop the use of implicit measures in body image research.

 
22/11/2018 : Pas de séminaire

Séminaires passés

27 septembre 2018 : On the Linkage between Face Processing, Language Processing, and Narrowing during Development

M. Olivier Pascalis (Laboratoire de Psychologie et NeuroCognition - Université de Grenoble Alpes )

 


  From the beginning of life, face and language processing are crucial for establishing social communication. Studies on the development of systems for processing faces and language have yielded such similarities as perceptual narrowing across both domains. In this talk, I will review several functions of human communication, and then describe how the tools used to accomplish those functions are modified by perceptual narrowing. I will conclude that narrowing is common to all forms of social communication. I will argue that during evolution, social communication engaged different perceptual and cognitive systems—face, facial expression, gesture, vocalization, sound, and oral language—that emerged at different times. These systems are interactive and linked to some extent. In this framework, narrowing can be viewed as a way infants adapt to their native social group.




19 avril 2018 - Does employability matter the same for different countries and occupational groups? An overview of recent studies and a suggested avenue for future research"

Alessandro Lo Presti  (Dipartimento di Psichologica, Universita degli studi della Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli"; Employability and career development: AIP Research Team WORK IN PROGRESS for a better quality of life (http://www.aipass.org/node/6938

 



Abstract: 
Traditional labour markets that used to guide careers and career paths have become increasingly blurred and permeable (Parker, 2002). Scholars have witnessed a shift from traditional career ladders, loyalty in exchange of job security and increasing duties and responsibilities, to boundaryless careers (Jones & DeFillippi, 1996), flat and project-based organizations (Bredin & Soderlund, 2013). In light of these changes, individuals need to be more self-reliant and to be in charge of their own career development, said differently to be employable both within their current organizations and across different potential employers (Hall, 2002).

Although, some scholars stated that the term employability is a term more often used than properly understood (Philphott, 1998), the recent years have witnessed a sharp increase in studies about such concept. A basic and fundamental distinction is between perceived employability, meant as the perceived likelihood of finding adequate alternative employment (Rothwell & Arnold, 2007) and a plethora of other definitions that stressed the role of attitudes, dispositions and behaviors in increasing the chances of future employment (Fugate, Kinicki & Ashforth, 2004; van der Heijde & van der Heijden, 2006). Apart from theoretical considerations, lack of studies about peculiar populations (e.g., freelancers), carried out in Italy, and cross-cultural comparisons, together call for additional studies.

Based on Van Dam’s (2004) distinction about employability orientation and activities, the aim of the first part of my presentation is to discuss the evidence of a set of studies that examined:
a) the mediating role of professional commitment and employability orientation in the relationship between protean and boundaryless career attitudes and subjective career success among a sample of Italian freelancers;

b) the moderating role of employability culture and the presence of clear paths in the relationships between protean and boundaryless career attitudes, employability and both subjective and objective career success among a sample of Italian project managers;

c) a cross-cultural comparison of the mediating role of employability orientation in the relationship between self-esteem and well-being at work among two samples of Italian and Finnish employees;

d) the mediating role of employability activities in the relationship between knowing-why career competencies, academic satisfaction, and both subjective and objective career success among a sample of recent Italian graduates.

Based on current theoretical weaknesses and controversies, the aim of the second, and shorter, part of my presentation is to discuss a recent framework for the study of employability (Lo Presti & Pluviano. 2016) encompassing both a configurational and a causal model, and presenting some preliminary evidence. Implications for vocational guidance, work psychology and human resource management will be proposed and discussed, as well as suggestions for future research.

References 
Bredin, K., & Söderlund, J. (2013). Project managers and career models: An exploratory comparative study. International journal of project management, 31(6), 889-902.

Fugate, M., Kinicki, A. J., & Ashforth, B. E. (2004). Employability: A psycho-social construct, its dimensions, and applications. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 65(1), 14–38.

Hall, D.T. (2002). Careers In and Out of Organizations. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks.

Jones, C., DeFillippi, R.J. (1996). Back to the future in film: combining industry and self-knowledge to meet the career challenges of the 21st century. The Academy of Management Executive 10(4), 89–103.

Parker, P. (2002). Working with the intelligent career model. Journal of Employment Counseling 39, 83–96.

Lo Presti, A. and Pluviano, S. (2016). Looking for a route in turbulent waters: Employability as a compass for career success. Organizational Psychology Review. 6(2). 192–211.

Philphott, J. (1998). Improving employability and welfare to work policies: A UK perspective. In B. Gazier (Ed.), Employability: Concepts and policies (pp. 97–120). Berlin, Germany: European Employment Observatory.

Rothwell, A., & Arnold, J. (2007). Self-perceived employability: Development and validation of a scale. Personnel Review, 36(1), 23–41.

Van Dam, K. (2004). Antecedents and consequences of employability orientation. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 13(1), 29–51.

Van der Heijde, C. M., & van der Heijden, B. I. J. M. (2006). A competence-based and multidimensional operationalization and measurement of employability. Human Resource Management, 45(3), 449–476. 

 




22 février 2018 - Régulation émotionnelle dans la sclérose en plaque

Marie-Claire Gay (Université de Nanterre)

 


La Sclérose en Plaques (SEP) est une maladie inflammatoire chronique qui entraîne une démyélinisation du système nerveux central. C’est une maladie fréquente, évoluant durant la vie entière et première source de handicap chez l’adulte jeune. C’est une maladie d’évolution variable et imprévisible, engageant tous les secteurs de vie (sociale, familiale, personnelle) et nécessitant l’absorption des perturbations émotionnelles pour maintenir un équilibre personnel le plus souvent fragilisé.  Ainsi, la prévalence de l’anxiété et de la dépression est élevée chez ces personnes. Après avoir fait quelques rappels sur la SEP, ses causes, symptômes et conséquences sur les plans somatique et psychologique, je développerai plus particulièrement deux questions liées au traitement des émotions :

1)    Enregistre-t-on des différences dans le traitement des émotions entre les personnes atteintes de pathologies somatiques chroniques et les personnes en bonne santé, et si oui, sur quoi portent ces différences ? Je présenterai une étude portant sur la validation de l’Emotion Processing Scale (EPS-25, Baker et al. 2010), que j’ai  menée auprès de 1176 adultes et en cours de publication à la Revue Européenne de Psychologie Appliquée : tout venant, étudiants et adultes présentant des troubles somatiques (VIH, Sclérose en Plaques, douleurs chroniques et leucémies). Nous discuterons des différences de traitement des émotions dans les différentes catégories.

2)    Quels sont les liens qu’entretiennent l’anxiété et la dépression dans la SEP ?  La façon dont les émotions sont traitées est en effet centrale dans les deux. La question est plus particulièrement d’étudier l’impact direct et indirect qu’exerce l’anxiété sur la dépression dans la SEP. Je présenterai les résultats d’une étude parue en 2017 dans BMC Neurology, proposant un modèle expliquant comment l’anxiété affecte le traitement des émotions et génère des symptômes de dépression.

En conclusion, nous réfléchirons ensemble aux implications des résultats de ces deux études sur l’accompagnement des personnes atteintes de SEP et aux  recherches  à mettre en place pour mieux comprendre l’interaction entre la gestion du quotidien et l’apparition de symptômes psychologiques dans la SEP.




25 janvier 2018 - "Le style d'attachement dans le cadre organisationnel

Fabrizio Scrima (CRFDP, EA 7475, Université de Rouen Normandie)

 


Recently, there has been an increase in interest of the application of attachment theory (Bowlby, 1969) in work and organizational psychology, with scholars (i.e. Harms, 2011; Paetzold, 2015; Richards and Schat, 2011; Scrima et al., 2015) that have highlighted the role that attachment styles may play in describing and interpreting phenomena in the work environment. Conversely, although the relationship between attachment theory and place attachment (a key concept in environmental psychology; for a review, see Scannell and Gifford, 2010) have long been explored in the literature, and the attachment theory has widely utilized in the formulation of theories concerning affective bonds that individuals develop with their physical environment (Giuliani, 2003). I believe that applying attachment theory to place attachment could provide important information for the development of human resource (HR) management (Hom et al., 2012). These practices, already proven effective to modify attachment styles among colleagues (Harms, 2011), may apply to change the workplace attachment styles. Therefore, the aim of this presentation is to extend this field of research by showing that attachment styles can provide a better understanding of the process of workplace attachment

Références

L Rioux, F Scrima, CM Werner (2017). Space appropriation and place attachment: University students create places. Journal of Environmental Psychology 50, 60-68.
F Scrima (2015). The convergent-discriminant validity of the Workplace Attachment Scale (WAS). Journal of Environmental Psychology 43, 24-29.
F Scrima, G Di Stefano, C Guarnaccia, L Lorito (2015). The impact of adult attachment style on organizational commitment and adult attachment in the workplace. Personality and Individual Differences 86, 432-437.
F Scrima, L Lorito, E Parry, G Falgares (2014).The mediating role of work engagement on the relationship between job involvement and affective commitment. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 25, 2159-2173.
F Scrima, L Rioux, G Di Stefano (2017). I hate my workplace but I am very attached to it: workplace attachment style: An exploratory approach. Personnel Review 46 (5), 936-949.


Séminaire de l'année 2017 : Cliquez ici