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CRFDP - Séminaires

Retrouvez ci-dessous les manifestations organisées par le laboratoire.

Séminaires de laboratoire
Les séminaires ont lieu le 4ème jeudi de chaque mois à 10h dans la salle des thèses du bâtiment Freinet.

 

A venir :

25/01/2018 : "Le style d'attachement dans le cadre organisationnel" par Fabrizio Scrima  (CRFDP, Université de Rouen Normandie)


Abstract: Recently, there has been an increase in interest of the application of attachment theory (Bowlby, 1969) in work and organizational psychology, with scholars (i.e. Harms, 2011; Paetzold, 2015; Richards and Schat, 2011; Scrima et al., 2015) that have highlighted the role that attachment styles may play in describing and interpreting phenomena in the work environment. Conversely, although the relationship between attachment theory and place attachment (a key concept in environmental psychology; for a review, see Scannell and Gifford, 2010) have long been explored in the literature, and the attachment theory has widely utilized in the formulation of theories concerning affective bonds that individuals develop with their physical environment (Giuliani, 2003). I believe that applying attachment theory to place attachment could provide important information for the development of human resource (HR) management (Hom et al., 2012). These practices, already proven effective to modify attachment styles among colleagues (Harms, 2011), may apply to change the workplace attachment styles. Therefore, the aim of this presentation is to extend this field of research by showing that attachment styles can provide a better understanding of the process of workplace attachment.



Résumé : Récemment, l'application de la théorie de l'attachement (Bowlby, 1969) à la psychologie du travail et des organisations a suscité un intérêt croissant chez les chercheurs (Harms, 2011, Paetzold, 2015, Richards et Schat, 2011, Scrima et al., 2015) qui ont mis en évidence le rôle que les styles d'attachement peuvent jouer dans la description et l'interprétation des phénomènes dans l'environnement de travail. Inversement, bien que la relation entre la théorie de l'attachement et l'attachement au lieu (un concept clé en psychologie environnementale, pour une revue, voir Scannell et Gifford, 2010) n'ait pas été explorée dans la littérature, la théorie de l'attachement a toujours souligné les liens affectifs que les individus développent avec leur environnement physique (Giuliani, 2003). Je crois que l'application de la théorie de l'attachement pour expliquer l'attachement au lieu de travail pourrait fournir des informations importantes pour le développement de pratiques dans la gestion des ressources humaines (Hom et al., 2012). Ces pratiques, qui se sont déjà avérées efficaces pour modifier les styles d'attachement chez les collègues (Harms, 2011), peuvent s'appliquer pour modifier les styles d'attachement au lieu de travail. Par conséquent, le but de cet exposé est d'étendre ce champ de recherche en montrant que les styles d'attachement peuvent fournir une meilleure compréhension du processus d'attachement au lieu de travail.



19/04/2018 : "Does employability matter the same for different countries and occupational groups? An overview of recent studies and a suggested avenue for future research" par Alessandro Lo Presti  (Dipartimento di Psichologica, Universita degli studi della Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli"; Employability and career development: AIP Research Team WORK IN PROGRESS for a better quality of life (http://www.aipass.org/node/6938)

Abstract: 
Traditional labour markets that used to guide careers and career paths have become increasingly blurred and permeable (Parker, 2002). Scholars have witnessed a shift from traditional career ladders, loyalty in exchange of job security and increasing duties and responsibilities, to boundaryless careers (Jones & DeFillippi, 1996), flat and project-based organizations (Bredin & Soderlund, 2013). In light of these changes, individuals need to be more self-reliant and to be in charge of their own career development, said differently to be employable both within their current organizations and across different potential employers (Hall, 2002).

Although, some scholars stated that the term employability is a term more often used than properly understood (Philphott, 1998), the recent years have witnessed a sharp increase in studies about such concept. A basic and fundamental distinction is between perceived employability, meant as the perceived likelihood of finding adequate alternative employment (Rothwell & Arnold, 2007) and a plethora of other definitions that stressed the role of attitudes, dispositions and behaviors in increasing the chances of future employment (Fugate, Kinicki & Ashforth, 2004; van der Heijde & van der Heijden, 2006). Apart from theoretical considerations, lack of studies about peculiar populations (e.g., freelancers), carried out in Italy, and cross-cultural comparisons, together call for additional studies.

Based on Van Dam’s (2004) distinction about employability orientation and activities, the aim of the first part of my presentation is to discuss the evidence of a set of studies that examined:
a) the mediating role of professional commitment and employability orientation in the relationship between protean and boundaryless career attitudes and subjective career success among a sample of Italian freelancers;

b) the moderating role of employability culture and the presence of clear paths in the relationships between protean and boundaryless career attitudes, employability and both subjective and objective career success among a sample of Italian project managers;

c) a cross-cultural comparison of the mediating role of employability orientation in the relationship between self-esteem and well-being at work among two samples of Italian and Finnish employees;

d) the mediating role of employability activities in the relationship between knowing-why career competencies, academic satisfaction, and both subjective and objective career success among a sample of recent Italian graduates.

Based on current theoretical weaknesses and controversies, the aim of the second, and shorter, part of my presentation is to discuss a recent framework for the study of employability (Lo Presti & Pluviano. 2016) encompassing both a configurational and a causal model, and presenting some preliminary evidence. Implications for vocational guidance, work psychology and human resource management will be proposed and discussed, as well as suggestions for future research.

References 
Bredin, K., & Söderlund, J. (2013). Project managers and career models: An exploratory comparative study. International journal of project management, 31(6), 889-902.

Fugate, M., Kinicki, A. J., & Ashforth, B. E. (2004). Employability: A psycho-social construct, its dimensions, and applications. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 65(1), 14–38.

Hall, D.T. (2002). Careers In and Out of Organizations. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks.

Jones, C., DeFillippi, R.J. (1996). Back to the future in film: combining industry and self-knowledge to meet the career challenges of the 21st century. The Academy of Management Executive 10(4), 89–103.

Parker, P. (2002). Working with the intelligent career model. Journal of Employment Counseling 39, 83–96.

Lo Presti, A. and Pluviano, S. (2016). Looking for a route in turbulent waters: Employability as a compass for career success. Organizational Psychology Review. 6(2). 192–211.

Philphott, J. (1998). Improving employability and welfare to work policies: A UK perspective. In B. Gazier (Ed.), Employability: Concepts and policies (pp. 97–120). Berlin, Germany: European Employment Observatory.

Rothwell, A., & Arnold, J. (2007). Self-perceived employability: Development and validation of a scale. Personnel Review, 36(1), 23–41.

Van Dam, K. (2004). Antecedents and consequences of employability orientation. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 13(1), 29–51.

Van der Heijde, C. M., & van der Heijden, B. I. J. M. (2006). A competence-based and multidimensional operationalization and measurement of employability. Human Resource Management, 45(3), 449–476. 


Séminaires passés


23 mars 2017 - La préservation de la communication non-verbale dans la maladie d'Alzheimer
Virginie Beaucousin (CRFDP, Université de Rouen Normandie) et Désirée Lopis (Laboratoire Cognitions Humaine et Artificielle, Université de Paris X Nanterre - La Défense)

Alzheimer Dementia (AD) is linked to a neuronal degeneration that is to date still uncurable despite huge research progress. Moreover, the psychological support offered to patients and their family during the period between the diagnosis and the institutionalization is scarce compared to the financial issues raised by their life quality decline during this period. This decline is linked to a progressive social withdrawal that follows the installation of cognitive and behavioral impairments.

The goal of this project is (i) to evidence preserved mechanisms necessary to successful communication in patients with AD at the first stages of the disease and (ii) to start investigating how to rely on these preserved processes in order to improve the quality of the patient’s social exchanges while reducing their withdrawal and cognitive decline. Interpersonal interactions heavily rely on the decoding of non-verbal cues that constitutes a basic process for social adaptation. Among others, we will focus on three particular non-verbal cues: emotional prosody, eye contact and odors/fragrances.

Concerning emotional prosody and eye contact, the literature suggests that the processing of these cues could be preserved in patients with early AD and be used to improve the quality of both their social exchange, and their cognitive abilities during social interactions. Concerning odor perception, it is well known that olfactory performances during explicit tasks are impaired very early in AD. However, since odors are emotional cues that could implicitly influence the perception of others and emotional autobiographical memory - that is preserved in AD - we assume that they could be used to create an hedonic context so as to improve social interactions too.

As a first step, we have investigated the preservation of the implicit processing of emotional prosody, eye contact and odors perception in AD patients. Secondly, we have explored the impact of these social non-verbal cues on other cognitive functions such as (i) memory, (ii) attentional processing and (iii) self-consciousness.



27 avril 2017 - L'étude neuropsychologique des troubles praxiques et du schéma corporel dans les pathologies neurodégénératives
Josselin Baumard (CRFDP, Université de Rouen Normandie)
Apraxia in general and tool use disorders in particular may reduce autonomy in patients with neurodegenerative diseases. However, very few studies have been done in this field, and they rarely take specificities of dementia into account (e.g., evolution, focal or diffuse atrophy, different phenotypes). A reason for this is that there is no theoretical consensus on the nature of apraxia.

Noticeably, two theories of apraxia can be distinguished: Memory-based hypotheses and reasoning-based or dynamic hypotheses. According to the memory-based approach, apraxia is due to a loss of stored knowledge (e.g., semantic memory, gesture engrams). In contrast, the dynamic approach posits that gesture production is made possible by online cognitive mechanisms (e.g., technical reasoning, affordances, sensory integration). In this framework, apraxic disorders have been explained by various cognitive impairments, some of which are not praxis-specific (e.g., semantic memory, planning skills, body schema, working memory, etc.).

The aim of the present work was to assess the relative contribution of these different cognitive mechanisms to apraxia in patients with different neurodegenerative diseases (i.e., Alzheimer’s disease, semantic dementia, corticobasal degeneration, posterior cortical atrophy).

The following issues will be addressed during this presentation, each corresponding to a different study and methodology: 1) The relative roles of technical reasoning and semantic memory in tool use; 2) The relative roles of motor and planning skills in tool use; 3) The relative roles of semantic memory and personal habits in object categorization; 4) Different patterns of impairment of sensory integration and body knowledge.
 



28 septembre 2017 - "Some Further Clarifications on Changes in Stroop Interference across Life Span"
Maria Augustinova (CRFDP, Université de Rouen Normandie)
"Since its conception, the Stroop task (Stroop, 1935) continuously provides a fertile ground for a study of human cognition. Yet, the processes underlying interference that is observed in this task are still subject to a considerable scientific debate. In this talk I will present several experimental studies that attempted to address these still open issues directly instead of inferring them from changes in overall (i.e., standard) Stroop interference. To this end, different age groups were administered the semantic Stroop paradigm that successfully captures the contribution of distinct components of Stroop interference (e.g., Augustinova & Ferrand, 2014; Augustinova et al., 2017).
The results of these studies show that a) Stroop interference is indeed a composite phenomenon involving both automatic and controlled processes and therefore b) these distinct types of processes (hence magnitudes of distinct components of Stroop interference) evolve differently across lifespan. The somewhat obvious conclusion of this talk is that these processes are more successfully integrated within multi-stage accounts of Stroop interference than within the historically favored single-stage response competition accounts that still dominate current psychological research and practice."


Augustinova, M., & Ferrand, L. (2014). Automaticity of Word Reading: Evidence from the Semantic Stroop Paradigm. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23, 343-348.
Augustinova, M., Silvert, L., Spatola, N., & Ferrand, L. (2017). Further investigation of distinct components of Stroop interference and of their reduction by short response-stimulus intervals. Acta Psychologica (in press).

 



23 novembre 2017 - "Le processus de déshumanisation: cibles, formes, antécédents et conséquences (et tentatives pour lutter contre !)"
Jessica Mange (Laboratoire de Psychologie Caen Normandie, LPCN, EA 7452)
Depuis les années 2000, les travaux de psychologie sociale approchent le phénomène de dérogation à l'égard des exogroupes par une nouvelle facette des processus de perception sociale: la déshumanisation d'autrui. Plusieurs modèles complémentaires, l'infra-humanisation (Leyens et al., 2000), la déshumanisation animalistique vs. mécanistique (Haslam, 2006)ou la déshumanisation flagrante (Kteily et al., 2015), permettent d'approcher ce phénomène. Les cibles du processus sont variées; il peut par exemple s'agir de femmes (Rudman & Mesher, 2012), de personnes âgées (Boudjemadi et al., 2017) ou d'exogroupes ethniques (Kteily et al., 2015).

Ce phénomène, mis en évidence dans le jugement social dès l'âge de 6 ans (McLoughlin et al., 2017), a de multiples conséquences sociales. D'une part, la déshumanisation d'autrui génère un abaissement de comportements pro-sociaux (e.g. Cuddy et al., 2007; Nagar & Maoz, 2015) telles que l'aide aux victimes après un tremblement de terre (Andrighetto et al., 2014). D'autre part, de manière symétrique, la déshumanisation d'autrui va favoriser l'augmentation de comportements anti-sociaux tels que la sur-estimation de la culpabilité de mineurs afro-américains lors de procès (e.g. Goff, Jackson, Allison, et al., 2014).

A ce jour, quelques stratégies pour lutter contre la tendance à déshumaniser autrui ont été mises à l'épreuve telles que la présentation d'information contre-stéréotypiques (Prati, Crisp, & Rubini, 2015) ou des situations de multi-catégorisation de la cible (Alborello & Rubini, 2012). Le champ de la prévention primaire, secondaire ou tertiaire du phénomène reste à développer. Des données pré-testant l'application de ces modèles à la culture française seront présentées en illustration.